In our planet’s evolution history, extinction is a natural process. Species extinction is a term that refers to the loss of certain species or subspecies, family, and genus etc. Nearly 99% of 4 billion species have evolved on earth, but they disappeared over time. Species extinction is indeed an irreversible loss. The leading causes of species extinction are chronic stress by various external environment, unpredictable disasters or calamities, unresolved diseases, competition among species or races, or predation et al. Over some time, based on various studies by the ecology researchers worldwide, it is revealed that another leading cause for species extinction is due to multiple human-created distractions to the environment.
Causes of species extinction due to human actions
Some of the distractions to the environment which humans create are as mentioned below:
• Global Climatic Changes;
• Global Warming;
• Rapid Urbanization;
The above-said causes have not happened instantly. Over the period, the gradual rise of species extinction took place for centuries. To reduce human-caused species extinction, first, we need to understand the leading causes of species extinction and at what rate they are increasing over geological time. It is mandatory to assess and certainly remains an important issue for scientific research for future guidelines.
Remedies to reduce species extinction
Human-caused species extinction can be decreased by implementing some great efforts, and ensuring immediate action. Instant actions are required to reduce further damages. Some such activities are as mentioned here:
• To increase public awareness. People should know the exact causes and understand the consequences which are to be faced because of species extinctions and diversity losses;
• Reduction and prevention of pollution should be taken very seriously, i.e., sound, water, air pollution;
• Everyone should get adequate knowledge regarding life on earth, its importance, and the significance of wildlife conservation at the right juncture;
• Gradual increase in the fishery productivities;
• Decrease the deforestation cases;
• Try to use all eco-friendly and buy sustainable products
• Always use products which can be recycled, reused and easily reduced.
Ultimately all the above-proposed interventions will decrease global warming and rapid climatic changes to a greater extent. Hence, they will indirectly reduce the species extinction rate to ensure safeguarding environment and wildlife.
Our world’s population has increased rapidly and exponentially over the past 200 years. It means resources that are available naturally are consumed faster to satisfy billions of people’s hunger. This rapid increase in population growth threatens the extinction of wildlife and their habitats worldwide. Especially plants and animals are used for consumption or other human purposes. Some other significant threats to wildlife include pollution, sudden drift in climate changes, hunting, poaching and fishing.
Various national and international organizations, NGOs, research organizations and Wildlife Conservation establishments support wildlife and habitat conservation. All sorts of work plans implemented in these organizations are related to conserving wildlife. Some of their work plans are associated with protecting public lands, safeguarding national parks and wildlife refuges.
Such organizations promote biodiversity—and they are equally associated with law enforcement to prosecute wildlife crimes, like hunting illegally, trafficking, etc.
The Motto of Wildlife Conservation
The main motto of wildlife conservation is to safeguard the survival of species. Conserving both plant and animal species and also their habitats.
Wildlife connects us to nature and also develops a powerful bond with the natural world in which we exist. We need to ensure that future generations should also enjoy that natural world, and especially incredible species living in the ecosystem must sustain and retain. However, the alarming situation is that unfortunately, numerous wildlife species have declined gradually in the past few decades because of fast changes in the ecosystem, habitats, and particularly human involvement. Not only does wildlife giveus a sustainable nature, but it also creates employment opportunity through outdoor recreation and enough water supplies and food. That is why it is the need of the hour to take timely step to safeguard wildlife, thus nature.
Importance of Wildlife Conservation
Wildlife conservation is mandatory in the present scenario; it has great advantages, including the following:
• Humans being around wildlife and connecting with nature give us excellent and stable mental health.
• Wildlife plays a vital role in the economy. Various tourist places depend on nature for tourism purposes, making up nearly 10% of the world’s GDP.
• Conserving wildlife creates more employment opportunities, bringing a maximum level of sustainable and productive economy.
• To keep our traditions and culture alive, it’s essential to protect and conserve wildlife.
• For people living in rural and tribal areas, wildlife is one of the primary sources of income for their livelihoods.
• Most of the main ingredients to develop any medicine come naturally. Many medicinal value products like herbs and spices wouldn’t be available without wildlife.
• Plants are one of the vital sources of medications, and have numerous medicinal values, but some animals are also crucial in medicines production. For example, cobra venom is one of the essential ingredients in producing leprosy medications. Antifungal medications are developed from lobsters.
• Wildlife provides good nutrients to humans. What everyone of us consume comes either from plants or animals. We can develop an alternative option by inculcating some of the sustainable plant sources and avoiding animal meat to strengthen food security worldwide.
• Diversity means healthier ecosystems; a healthy ecosystem has a lot of diversity.
• Wildlife maintains a balanced ecosystem. For ecosystems to flourish, all wildlife should be protected.
Various measures are to be taken by government organizations, NGOs, and wildlife sanctuaries to conserve wildlife. Deforestation should be stopped and restricted, burning of fossil fuels should be stopped, frequent monitoring of forest fire must be monitored. And if there are any immediate damage measures are to be taken at the right time, afforestation and reforestation should be promoted. Awareness programs need to be conducted for youth, children, rural and urban people, and different workshops related to wildlife conservation should be taken place in schools and colleges to educate people regarding the importance of wildlife, global warming—and of course what is species extinction etc. by implementing all the above said, globally we can protect and converse wildlife to some extent.